Gum disease is one of the most common causes of tooth loss in adults.
The health of your gums is equally as important as the health of your teeth. After all, your gums support your teeth, and if neglected, eventual tooth loss will result. The most common gum disease is gingivitis which is an infection in the gum. This can lead to a very concerning disease called periodontitis which is an infection of the gums and supporting tissues that results in irreversible bone loss.
Gum disease caused by plaque, which is a thick sticky film of bacteria that collects on the teeth and underneath the gum. When this colony of bacteria is hardened by your saliva, it becomes calculus (also known as tartar). This then provides a continuous reservoir of bacteria that continually attacks your gums and bone.
We can detect early signs of gum disease and take simple steps to overcome the problem. This might include removing the tartar and plaque that traps bacteria or showing you more effective brushing and flossing techniques. If left untreated, gum disease can be difficult
and expensive to remedy.
Signs of periodontal disease are:
- Red, swollen, tender or bleeding gums
- Gums that have shrunk from teeth and receded
- Bad breath
- A persistent bad taste in the mouth
- Loose teeth
If you exhibit any of these signs then it is imperative to schedule an appointment at to have your gum tissues examined. If gum disease is detected we will perform a more detailed analysis of the gums to identify the stage of the disease.
Special Cleaning to Remove Your Tartar and Plaque
Plaque builds up on almost everyone’s teeth. You can’t remove tartar yourself with normal brushing. If left in place, it traps food and more bacteria and accelerates tooth decay, gum disease and results in eventual tooth loss.
To keep your teeth clean and protected, we need to regularly remove plaque and tartar thoroughly. Most people need to have plaque and tartar removed every six months for best protection. A short course of antibiotics is sometimes recommended. For more severe or complex cases a referral to a periodontist (gum specialist) may be required.
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